Aviemore SOE School
STS26 occupied an area including three requisitioned lodges: Drumintoul, Glenmore and Forest, chosen for the training of Norwegian agents "because of the reasonable similarity of terrain – mountains, lochs, high passes, and snow in quantity in the winter months". Records from January 1943, indicate that some 400 Norwegians travelled to the area for training in mountain warfare, while British agents were also taught how to ski.
The facility was used for training prior to the raid on the heavy water facility at the Norwegian Hydro Electric plant at Vemork, known as Operation Grouse, and later depicted in The Heroes of Telemark, a film which has become notable for its less than accurate portrayal of the people and events concerned.
Evidence of the school's activities in the area is still reported by walkers, in the form of stone shelters that were built on the plateaus.
Drumintoul Lodge lies some two miles east of Aviemore, in the foothills of the Cairngorms. Originally built as a Victorian hunting lodge in 1878, with four public rooms, twelve family rooms, eight servants rooms and a tennis lawn. The lodge lies within an ancient pine forest in the Rothiemurchus Estate, with its own small loch to the south east, and is let for holiday accommodation.
Glenmore Lodge lies some six miles east of Aviemore, and was formerly a Victorian hunting lodge, and became a hostel when the Central Council for Physical Education acquired it in 1947. It later became the Loch Morlich Youth Hostel, and then the Cairngorm Lodge Youth Hostel, after Scotland's National Outdoor Training Centre was opened in 1996, within the Cairngorm National Park, and was named Glenmore. In 1973, in a ceremony attended by the King of Norway, the Norwegian Memorial Stone was dedicated to the memory of those who had trained in the area, and lost their lives in World War II.
Forest Lodge lies some eight miles east and to the north of Aviemore, in Abernethy Forest. Built in 1880, it is the largest remaining Victorian timber-clad shooting lodge in Scotland. Fire has caused the loss of many similarly constructed wooden lodges, with the building's insulation of sawdust providing an additional hazard. The lodge is now used by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB), who own and manage Abernethy Forest.
The following description accompanied the picture of King Haakon:
Picture taken at STS26, Glenmore Lodge, during a demonstration by Kompani Linge for the Norwegian King Haakon 7th, and Crown Prince Olav, Norwegian Minister of Defence during World War II and later King of Norway. The 'dead' German soldier between the railroad tracks had been rendered harmless and an explosive charge placed. The saboteur had crawled up on the hill on the left from a position just behind where King Haakon is standing, second from the left, then jumped off the hill at the German sentry and killed him with the Japanese hadaka-jime strangle.
The existence of the training school was to have a lasting effect on the area. After the war had ended, many of those who had been trained wanted to continue skiing. Areas such as Newtonmore and Aviemore were easy to reach by train, and, despite the long walk, Coire Cas in the Cairngorms was a popular destination. In 1947 the Central Council for Physical Education acquired Glenmore Lodge and skiing courses were offered. As the number of skiers heading for Coire Cas grew, Inverness County Council agreed to build an access road to the ski slopes, and the first chair lift opened in 1961.
Forest Lodge (Rear!)
© Crown Copyright
- Drumintoul Lodge, 1920's postcard
- Glenmore Lodge, 1884 postcard
- Glenmore Lodge (new), Scotland's National Outdoor Training Centre
- Forest Lodge, Scottish Enterprise report on timber cladding
- Forest Lodge, kennels
- Forest Lodge, sheep pen
- Forest Lodge in 1987, RSPB
- Vemork Raid
- Hi-res aerial view, Drumintoul Lodge
- Hi-res aerial view, Glenmore Lodge
- Hi-res aerial view, Forest Lodge, but pic strip missing!
- Multimap view, Forest Lodge, but pic strip missing!
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